States of India in alphabetical order
India is one of the most diverse countries in the world, with more than 1.3 billion people and a multitude of cultures. This blog post will explore what India’s states are like and who lives there. The states have many different climates, from tropical to desert to mountainous, which affects how people live their day-to-day life. It also has a lot to do with where they live in relation to other parts of India or neighboring countries such as China and Nepal.
Some cities such as Mumbai are very modern while others such as Kashmir are still traditional despite modernization efforts by the government after gaining its independence from Britain in 1947. India has 29 states that cover an area about three times larger than Europe! They share borders with Pakistan.
India is a vast country with 29 states and 7 union territories. Each state has its own unique history, culture, food, language, and people. This blog post will highlight the basics of each so you can get an introduction to India’s diverse diversity!
The Indian subcontinent is a region of Asia and the world’s second-largest country by area spanning India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Bhutan. The states within this region are defined in various ways: they may be based on linguistic groups or ethnolinguistic groups such as the Dravidians; they could also be based on geographical features like rivers or mountain ranges like the Himalayas; some states might even share names with British colonies.
In this article, we will take you through these states one by one to discover their capitals and find out where they rank among other regions in India!
List of 29 States and Capitals of India in Alphabetical Order 2021:
|S. N.||NAME OF STATE||NAME OF CAPITAL|
|10||Jammu and Kashmir||Srinagar (summer), Jammu (winter)|
1. Andhra Pradesh – Amaravati
Andhra Pradesh has many tourist destinations, such as the Hindu temple of Tirumala Venkateswara Temple in Tirupati.
This state is called Andhra Pradesh and its capital is Amaravati. Some famous places are: Tiruapai temples, Kanchi Kapu’s palace and Vijayanagara city which was once a major economic center.
- State -Andhra Pradesh
- Capital -amaravathi
- Official Language – Teluge
- Famous dance -Kuchipudi,Kottam.
- Number of members of Rajyasabha– 11
- Number of members of Loksabha – 25
- First chief minister -Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
- First Governor -Chandulal Madhavlal Trivedi
- Famous Rivers -Godavari, Krishna, Tungabhadra, Pennar, Manjira, Nagavali, and Vamsadhara.
- Famous place -Alamelumanga Temple,Golkonda Fort,Laknnavaram lake,Nagarjuna Sagar dam,Warangal Fort,Submarine Museum,Anantagiri Hills, Araku Vallly.
2. Arunachal Pradesh – Itanagar
Arunachal Pradesh was established on 20 February 1987. The state’s territory is spread over 42,389 square kilometers and includes the Himalayan mountains of eastern India
It has a population of 11,108,007 (2011 Census). The capitals are Itanagar and Roing. Towards its south, it shares borders with Assam which comes to an end in the east at the tip of a bay.
Mostly mountainous, Arunachal Pradesh has an area with tropical forests and is home to many diverse wildlife species including tigers, snow leopards, elephants.
The state’s population comprises mostly indigenous people known as Adi People who have migrated from Tibet over 3000 years ago.
- State -Arunachal Pradesh
- Capital -Itanagar
- Official Language -English
- Famous dance -Bardo Chham, Chalo.
- Number of members of Rajyashabh – 01
- Number of members of Lokeshabha -02
- First chief minister -Prem Khandu Thungan
- First Governor -Bhisma Narain Singh
- Famous Rivers -Brahmaputra River,Dibang RiverLohit River,Subansiri River,Tirap River,Namka Chu,Kameng River
- Famous place -Namdapha National Park, Parshuram Kund, Pangsau Pass, Jaswant Garh, Bomdila Monastery, Tawang War Memorial.
3. Assam – Dispur
Assam is a state in the Northeast region of India, with its capital at Dispur.
It is bounded by six other states: Nagaland to the north-east, Arunachal Pradesh and Manipur to the east; Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram, and Bangladesh to the south; Nepal to The Himalayan mountain ranges mark the state’s international border with China to the north-west and Bhutan close by.
Assam has two main natural divisions: The Brahmaputra Valley in the south, flat land irrigated by river systems; and a mountainous terrace on its northern side that contains most of Assam’s area, which is drained through numerous rivers flowing from the Himalayas.
- State – Assam
- Capital -Dispur
- Official Language -Assamese language
- Famous dance -Bihu and Bagurumba.
- Number of members of Rajyashabh -07
- Number of members of Lokeshabha -14
- First chief minister -Gopinath Bordoloi
- First Governor – Muhammad Saleh Akbar Hydari
- Famous Rivers -Brahmaputra , Barak River, Dhansiri River, Kopili River,Manas ,Doing, Lohit
- Famous place –Kamakhya Temple. Kamakhya Temple, Halflong. Sualkuchi.Umananda Temple, Kaziranga National Park.
4. Bihar – Patna
Bihar is the sixth largest Indian state by area and the third-largest subnational entity in India.
- State – Bihar
- Capital –Patna
- Official Language –Hindi
- Famous dance –Jata Jatin,Purbi,Bidesia.
- Number of members of Rajyashabh –16
- Number of members of Lokeshabha –40
- First chief minister – Shri Krishna Singh
- First Governor – Jairamdas Daulatram
- Famous Rivers –Ganga,Koshi River,Burhi Gandak,Kamala River,Ghaghara,Punpun ,Karmanasa,Kankai,Mechi River.
- Famous place –Bodhgaya, Mahabodhi Temple,Vishnupad Temple,Magla Gauri Shrine, Dungeshwari Cave Temples, Barabar Caves, Bodhi Tree, Chinese Temple and Monastery.
5. Chhattisgarh – Raipur
Chhattisgarh is the tenth-largest Indian state by area and the fifth-largest subnational entity in India.
- State – Chhattisgarh
- Capital – Raipur
- Official Language Hindi, Urdu
- Famous dance – Bhangra, Dharmar, Khadga Sambhariya.
- Number of members of Vidhan Sabha – 90
- Number of members of Rajyashabha – 182
- First chief minister – Dr. Raman Singh
Chhattisgarh is the 36th largest Indian state by population and 16th most populous sub-national entity in India, with a total count of 25,08,400 as per 2011 Census.
6. Goa – Panaji
Goa is the smallest state in India by both area and population.
- State – Goa
- Capital – Panaji
- Official Language Konkani, Hindi, English
- Famous dance- Jhummar (Dalga), Dhalo Wari (Dhali).
- Number of members of Vidhan Sabha – 40 & Raj ya Sabha –
- Number of members of Vidhan Sabha – 40; Number of members in Rajya Sabha- 30.
- First chief minister – Manohar Parrikar
Goa is the smallest state by both area and population, but has a relatively high GDP per capita compared to other Indian states, owing to a relatively high rate of urbanization and the tourism industry.
Panaji is the capital city of Goa, situated on the banks of Mandovi River, in South India
Konkani is the Official Language spoken by people living in Panaji; Hindi & English are also used.
7. Gujarat – Gandhinagar
Gujarat is one of the most industrialized states with an agricultural sector that is still largely dependent on outside, particularly organic and inorganic fertilizers.
Anand is the capital city of Gujarat; Gandhinagar is its second-largest city.
Gujarat has a coastline of nearly 1600 km along the Arabian Sea which provides it access to major ports at Kandla, Kandla port is the largest in India after Mumbai.
- State – Gujarat
- Capital – Gandhinagar
- Official Language – Gujarati
- Famous dance –Garba, Rasila,Dandiya Ras, Bhavi.
- Number of members of Rajyashabh –11
- Number of members of Lokeshabha –26
- First chief minister –Dr. Jivraj Narayan Mehta
- First Governor –Mehdi Nawaz Jung
- Famous Rivers –Sabarmati,Narmada,Tapti,Bhadar,Ozat Rver.
- Famous place –Somnath Mahadev Temple, Sabarmati Ashram, Akshardham Temple, Kankaria Lake, Dwarkadhish Temple, White Desert (Bhuj) ) Sabarmati Riverfront (Ahmedabad), Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, Gir National Park, Junagadh.
8. Haryana – Chandigarh
Haryana is the current state in India to be affected by terrorism. Haryana is situated on both sides of River Ghaggar-Hakra and has a total area of 44,212 square kilometers (17,362 sq mi).
- State – Haryana
- Capital – Chandigarh
- Official Language – Hindi/English
- Famous Place – Chandigarh, Pinjore Garden
- Area – 44,212 sq km
- Population – 11.25 crore (2016)
- Largest city(s) :- Hisar & Faridabad
The number of members in Lok Sabha: Haryana has eight seats in the Indian Parliament. The Loksabha Members of Parliament from Haryana are –
– Naveen Jindal (Kurukshetra) _ Lok Sabha member from the Indian National Congress party.
– Kameshwar Baitha (Bhiwani, Sirsa) _ Lok Sabha Member of Parliament for INC.
9. Himachal Pradesh – Shimla
Himachal Pradesh is a hilly state in the northern part of India and is known for its natural beauty. The snow-covered Himalayas, low valleys (known as “dhaars”), dense forests, waterfalls, and wildlife sanctuaries make Himachal Pradesh one of the most popular tourist destinations not only in India but around the world.
State capital:- Shimla
Highest Mountain Peak:- Mount Kailash (elevation 7922 m) & Kunchenjunga (elevation 1974m).
Himachal Pradesh is one of the few states in India with hilly terrain. The average elevation ranges from 500 meters to 2500 meters above sea level.
The state has a population of about 55 lakhs and is ranked 20th in terms of area among the Indian states.
10. Jammu and Kashmir – Srinagar (summer), Jammu (winter)
The state of Jammu and Kashmir is one of the most popular tourist destinations in India. The immense diversity with its snow-covered mountains, lakes, waterfalls, valleys (known as “dhaars”), dense forests and natural wildlife sanctuaries make it a dream destination for nature lovers.
Jammu & Kashmir State capital:- Srinagar
The state of Jammu and Kashmir is the northernmost region in India. It lies between latitudes 30°N and 34°N, and longitudes 74°E to 97°E. The state borders Pakistan (to the west), China (Aksai Chin area) and Ladakh for a short border on Tibet; and the states of Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and Haryana to its south.
Aksai Chin is a sparsely populated region that covers some 20,000 km² in northwest Jammu & Kashmir; it borders Ladakh on the east and Xinjiang province (China) on the west. The area was annexed by China during 1962.
11. Jharkhand – Ranchi
Jharkhand is one of the 29 states on India. It shares international borders with all its neighbors except Bangladesh. Jharkhand is a state in eastern India. It became the 27th state of Indian Union on 15 November 2000, following a long-contested movement during British rule. The city of Ranchi is its capital and Dumka its favorite tourist destination
12. Karnataka – Bengaluru
Karnataka is a state in the southwestern region of India. It was created on November 1956 and its capital and largest city is Bengaluru. Karnataka is bordered by the Arabian Sea to the west, Goa, and Maharashtra to the northwest, Andhra Pradesh to the southeast, and Tamil Nadu.
13. Kerala – Thiruvananthapuram
Kerala is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. It was created on November 1956 and its capital city is Thiruvananthapuram, formerly known as Trivandrum. Kerala has high literacy rates compared to other states in India – 93%.
14. Madhya Pradesh – Bhopal
Madhya Pradesh is a state in central India. It was created on November 1956 and its capital city is Bhopal, formerly known as “Bhind”. Madhya Pradesh has been developing rapidly after the recent economic reforms of 1991.
15. Maharashtra – Mumbai
Maharashtra is a state in Western India. It was created on May 1960 and its capital city is Mumbai, formerly known as Bombay. Maharashtra has an area of 307,704 sq km (118,720 sq mi) with over 112 million inhabitants – the second-most populous Indian state after Uttar Pradesh.
16. Manipur – Imphal
Manipur is a northeastern state of India. It was created on October 21, 1972 and its capital city is Imphal, formerly known as “Kamjong” or Kangla
17. Meghalaya Shillong
Meghalaya is a small state in the northeast of India with just over two million inhabitants. It was created on April 25, 1972.
18. Mizoram – Aizawl
Mizoram is a state in the northeast of India with just over one million inhabitants. Its capital city is Aizwal and it was formed from an area under Assam until February 20, 1987. Mizoram had previously been part of Assam, but the Indian government agreed to a secessionist movement in 1966.
19. Nagaland – Dimapur
Nagaland is situated in the far-eastern corner of India and has an area of 16,579 sq km with just over two million inhabitants. It was created on December first 1956.
20. Odisha – Bhubaneswar
Odisha is one of the 29 states in India and has a population of over 34 million people. It was created on April first 1936 from a part of Bengal province until 2000, when it became an Indian state. Its capital city is Bhubaneswar.
21. Punjab – Chandigarh
Punjab is the northwestern state of India and has an area of 50,362 sq km. It was created on November first 1966 from the North-West Frontier Province until 2000, when it became an Indian state. Its capital city is Chandigarh.
22. Rajasthan – Jaipur
Rajasthan is one of the states in India and has a population of over 70 million people. It was created on March first 1949 from most part of Rajputana princely state until 2000, when it became an Indian state. Its capital city is Jaipur.
23. Sikkim – Gangtok
Sikkim is the smallest Indian state and has a population of 600,000 people. It was created on April first 1975 from part of the West Bengal region until 2000, when it became an Indian state. Its capital city is Gangtok.
24. Tamil Nadu – Chennai
Tamil Nadu is one of the states in India and has a population of over 76 million people. It was created on August twenty-sixth, 1920 from Madras Presidency until 2000, when it became an Indian state. Its capital city is Chennai.
25. Telangana – Hyderabad
Telangana is one of the states in India. It was created on July twelfth, 2014 from Andhra Pradesh state and has a population of 35 million people. Its capital city is Hyderabad.
26. Tripura – Agartala
Tripura is located in Northeast India, near Bangladesh with a population of about 29 million people. It was created on January twenty-first, 1972 from the North-Eastern region until 2000, when it became an Indian state. Its capital city is Agartala.
27. Uttar Pradesh – Lucknow
Uttar Pradesh is one of the states in India. It is located in the Northern part of the country and has a population over 200 million people. Its capital city is Lucknow, it was created on November twelfth 2000 from Uttar Pradesh state until March fifth 2019 when its government divided into two different countries for better management.
28. Uttarakhand – Dehradun
Uttarakhand is one of the states in India with a population of over 25 million people. It is located in the North-Eastern part, near Nepal and Tibet. Its capital city is Dehradun which was created on November first 2000 from Uttaranchal state until March fifth 2019 when its government divided into two different countries for better management.
29. West Bengal – Kolkata
West Bengal is one of the states in India with a population of over 42 million people. It is located at the Eastern part, near Bangladesh and Bhutan. Its capital city Kolkata was created on October two 1952 from East Bengal state until March fifth 2019 when its government divided into two different countries for better management.